Ali Quli Qarai, The Qur’ān with a Phrase-by-Phrase English Translation (2005)

79 Say, ‘He will revive them
who produced them the first time,
and He has knowledge of all creation.
80 — He, who made for you
fire out of the green tree,
and, behold, you light fire from it!
81 Is not He who created the heavens
and the earth
able to create the like of them?
Yes indeed! He is the All-creator, the All-knowing.
82 All His command, when He wills something,
is to say to it ‘Be,’ and it is.
83 So immaculate is He
in whose hand is the dominion of all things
and to whom you shall be brought back.

37. Sūrat al-Ṣāffāt 1

In the Name of Allah,
the All-beneficent, the All-merciful.

1 By the [angels] ranged in ranks,
2 by the ones who drive vigorously,2
3 by the ones who recite the reminder:3
4 indeed your God is certainly One,

1 The sūrah takes its name from verse 1, which refers to a group of angels as ‘those ranged (ṣāffāt) in ranks.’ See verses 164-166 below.

2 Or ‘hold back forcibly,’ or ‘scold severely.’ Said to refer to angels who drive the clouds, or hold back (or drive away) the eavesdropping devils, or to angels (or verses of the Qur’ān) that restrain people from sins.

3 That is, the faithful, or the angels, who recite the Qur’ān or the scriptures.

Cite this page

Ali Quli Qarai, The Qur’ān with a Phrase-by-Phrase English Translation, Islamic College for Advance Studies Press (ICAS), London (Distributed by The Centre for Translation of the Holy Qur’ān, Qom, Iran), Consulted online at “Quran Archive - Texts and Studies on the Quran” on 24 Sep. 2023: