Marmaduke Pickthall, The Meaning of The Glorious Koran. An Explanatory Translation (1930)


Al-Jum‘ah, “The Congregation,” takes its name from a word in v. 9, where obedience to the call to congregational prayer is enjoined. Tradition says that vv. 9–11 refer to an occasion when a caravan entered Al-Madînah with beating of drums at the time when the Prophet was preaching in the mosque, and that the congregation broke away to look at it except twelve men. If, as one version of the tradition says, the caravan was that of Dahyah al-Kalbi, the incident must have occurred before the fifth year of the Hijrah, because Dahyah was a Muslim in the fifth year A.H.

The date of revelation is between the years 2 and 4 A.H.

The Congregation

Revealed at Al-Madînah
In the name of Allah, the Beneficent, the Merciful.

1. All that is in the heavens and all that is in the earth glorifieth Allah, the Sovereign Lord, the Holy One, the Mighty, the Wise.

2. He it is Who hath sent among the unlettered ones a messenger of their own, to recite unto them His revelations and to make them grow, and to teach them the Scripture and Wisdom, though heretofore they were indeed in error manifest,

3. Along with others of them who have not yet joined them. He is the Mighty, the Wise.

4. That is the bounty of Allah; which he giveth unto whom He will. Allah is of infinite bounty.

5. The likeness of those who are entrusted with the

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Marmaduke Pickthall, The Meaning of The Glorious Koran. An Explanatory Translation, Alfred A. Knopf, New York, Consulted online at “Quran Archive - Texts and Studies on the Quran” on 22 Feb. 2024: