Marmaduke Pickthall, The Meaning of The Glorious Koran. An Explanatory Translation (1930)


Ibrâhîm, so-called from Abraham’s prayer in vv. 35–41, at the time when he was establishing his son Ishmael, the ancestor of the Arabs, in the “uncultivable valley” of Mecca. Otherwise the subject of the Sûrah is the same as that of other Meccan Sûrahs revealed during the last three years before the Hijrah. The reference in v. 46 to the plot of the idolaters makes it probable that it is among the last of the Meccan revelations.

A late Meccan Sûrah; except vv. 28–30, revealed at Al-Madînah.


Revealed at Mecca
In the name of Allah, the Beneficent, the Merciful.

1. Alif. Lâm. Râ.1 (This is) a Scripture which We have revealed unto thee (Muhammad) that thereby thou mayst bring forth mankind from darkness unto light, by the permission of their Lord, unto the path of the Mighty, the Owner of Praise,

2. Allah, unto Whom belongeth whatsoever is in the heavens and whatsoever is in the earth. And woe unto the disbelievers from an awful doom;

3. Those who love the life of the world more than the Hereafter, and debar (men) from the way of Allah and would have it crooked: such are far astray.

4. And We never sent a messenger save with the language of his folk, that he might make (the message) clear for them.

1 See Sûr. II, v. 1, footnote.

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Marmaduke Pickthall, The Meaning of The Glorious Koran. An Explanatory Translation, Alfred A. Knopf, New York, Consulted online at “Quran Archive - Texts and Studies on the Quran” on 24 Sep. 2023: