Ali Quli Qarai, The Qur’ān with a Phrase-by-Phrase English Translation (2005)
after it had become clear,
as if they were being driven towards death
as they looked on.
7 When Allah promised you [victory over]
one of the two companies, [saying], ‘It is for you,’
you were eager
that it should be the one that was unarmed.1
But Allah desires to confirm the truth
with His words,
and to root out the faithless,
8 so that He may confirm the truth
and bring falsehood to naught,
though the guilty should be averse.
9 When you appealed to your Lord for help,
He answered you: ‘I will aid you
with a thousand angels in a file.’
10 Allah did not appoint it but as a good news,
and to reassure your hearts.
Victory 2 comes only from Allah.
Indeed Allah is all-mighty, all-wise.
11 When He covered you with a trance
as a [sense of] security from Him,
and He sent down water from the sky
to purify you with it,
and to repel from you the defilement of Satan,
and to fortify your hearts,
and to make [your] feet steady with it.
1 Literally, ‘one that was free of thorns.’ That is, one which was unarmed and, therefore, easy to encounter.
2 Or ‘help.’